What is the physical thing — the routine examination of the urine? – what is the Sohu health 306 health management routine examination of the urine? Urine is a preliminary examination can not be ignored in clinical practice, many early renal lesions can appear albuminuria or urinary sediment in formation. Once found abnormal urine, often the first indication of kidney or urinary tract disease. In ancient China, there is a view of "urine disease", which shows its importance. The urine routine examination, can also assist in the diagnosis of other diseases, such as diabetes, acute pancreatitis, acute and chronic hemolysis, acute and chronic hepatitis, hypertension, acute mercury poisoning. Therefore, the routine urine examination is an important examination method for the most simple, painless, rapid, and it is also one of the indispensable basic project in health examination. Should pay attention to what matters before the routine examination of the urine? 1, urine samples of the time: general should try to use fresh morning urine, because the night drinking less, kidney to multiple components in urine are stored and concentrated in the bladder, easy to check, increase the positive rate. If it is not convenient to do, other random urine can also be retained. However, it should be taken as a good urine. 2, the general requirements of women to take urine samples to avoid the menstrual period, in order to prevent vaginal secretions mixed with urine; men do not mix prostate fluid, etc., so as not to affect the results of the examination. Such as urine bacteria culture, to carry out external disinfection or cleaning. 3, urine specimens must be fresh. The urine parked a few hours later, white blood cells can be damaged and cause pyuria disappeared, glucose is bacterial decomposition, tube damage, cell lysis, red blood cell change problems will arise, will affect the accuracy of inspection results. 4, stay in the middle of urine. According to the sequence of urination, urine can be divided into anterior, middle and posterior segments. Because the forepart urine and the back section of the urine is easily contaminated, therefore, urine and urinary bacteriology inspection generally urine. 5, the amount of specimens should be sufficient, in general, the conventional detection and collected 20 milliliter, such as the need to do is to separate urine specific gravity detection at least 100 ml of urine and other special inspection should be required to take adequate amount. 6, do not eat a large number of vitamin C fruit, food, do not take a large number of vitamin C drugs, so as not to affect the accuracy of results. 7, keep the container specimens to clean, dry, bacterial culture specimen containers to prevent bacterial contamination; disinfection, take timely after inspection, if not timely submission, should be kept at 4 DEG C, the specimen must avoid sunlight, to prevent the decomposition of bilirubin in urine. 8, check and try not to strenuous exercise or overwork. 9, some urinary tract infection often pyuria is intermittent, so it should repeatedly check the urine routine, not with a results. 10, the use of antibiotics after inspection may affect the results of urine. (Editor: Jia Haiying editor: car Cheng Hua proofread: Wang Zhen) by No.306 Hospital health management center of editing, belongs to original author, please indicate the source